Running Shoes Guide – Tips for Buying the Best Running Shoes

The choice of running shoe requires an accurate knowledge of the models and all the categories on the market today. The choice has a greater impact:

  1. Possible problems of foot support; they exist in particular:
  • Pronator Subjects (Hyperpronators): with the heel on the ground the medial arch is close to the ground (the shoes wear out more on the inside)
  • Supinator subjects (Hypotronators): with the heel on the ground the medial arch is raised from the ground (the shoes wear out more on the outside)
  1. Posture
  2. Weight
  3. Distance travelled
  4. Speed of travel
  5. Type of use (race or training, track or asphalt, dirt road…)

Supination pronation shoes

To respond to all these variables, there are different types of running shoes, divided into macro-categories for easier identification. Regardless of the brand, two shoes belonging to the same category therefore have similar characteristics, which make them suitable for a particular user. Obviously, within the same category, there are still differences between the various models and a shoe can therefore be more or less indicated based on individual factors such as morphology and foot support.

Let’s see in detail these categories of running shoes:

A0 = minimalist

A1 = super-light

A2 = intermediate

A3 = maximum damping (neutral)

A4 = stable

A5 = trial running (running in nature)

A0 = minimalist

Adequacy for use

When buying a pair of minimalists it is essential to choose “the shoe you like”! That is: the athlete should not forget that this category of shoes is designed for quick, light and very fast exercises … but above all … that from the point of view of osteo-muscular-articular, we are not all the same! For this reason the A0 must be first of all GRADITA, then chosen on the basis of the sensations that it can confer to the runner (from here the wording shoe that it likes).

Morphological adaptation

It’s the winning weapon in this category. The minimalist running shoe focuses on the comfort of the shoe to effectively reproduce the feeling of “walking barefoot” or with the minimum support needed.

Biomechanical Adequacy

This is a very interesting parameter; remember that the A0 are based more on the kinetics of the foot and NOT on the stress induced by the bottom race.

Tips for buying

Featuring a foot-shaped design and XS TREK technology for wet traction and flexibility, these shoes feature a minimal sole and a thin, breathable and very durable polyester upper.

The upper is made of durable yet flexible polyester, which remains intact even after several uses.

Highly responsive to various needs, these shoes are suitable for different types of terrain, from the path to the urban playground and even indoor activities, thanks to its characteristics of non marking.

A1 = super-light

Adequacy for use

To use these shoes you need: to be “light on the foot”, to run at a fast pace and on regular surfaces, to have impeccable osteoarticular structures and, possibly, to boast a “young age”! Remember that age (and in this case also training seniority) does not allow for sufficient compensation for frequent running anomalies.

Morphological adaptation

They are light and essential shoes; it is good to look for models that fit “by brush” and above all that do not create any discomfort. To do this it is necessary to look for and find the model that has the correct internal volume (subjective).

Biomechanical Adequacy

It is not allowed to make mistakes in the choice. The A1 is so simple that it is essential to look for it with the specific support characteristics of your running technique.

Buying tips

Ideal for competitive running and interval training, this running shoe, in which every detail is designed to ensure maximum performance, features an ultra-light design that blends with Floatride technology, for responsive and dynamic cushioning, ensuring optimal comfort, stride after stride.

The single-layer technical mesh upper ensures lightness and breathability, while the wraparound fit offers excellent comfort.

The EVA insole and ultra-thin, close-fitting sole provide excellent grip even in competition.

A2 = Intermediate

Adequacy for use

Intermediaries are a rather “ambiguous” category; considering weight, design approach and technology, the A2 could represent a potential “competition” shoe or even, for the more fortunate (and trained), even a shoe suitable for the bottom.

Morphological adaptation

The variety of choices is wide and the relative proposals for man/woman allow everyone to find the ideal model; in this case too, in addition to the size, it is essential to evaluate the entire volume of the foot.

Biomechanical Adequacy

For intermediates there are already technologies that can compensate for major defects in support: toe or heel, and in pronation or supination.

Tips for purchasing

This responsive, lightweight shoe is designed with the dynamic damping of Wave Technology and integrated with the DynamoFit system.

While the Wave plate provides better shock wave distribution at ground impact, providing an ideal balance between excellent cushioning and effective stability, the Dynamotion Fit system, which uses the latest bio-mechanical and motion capture technologies, allows you to accompany the foot in all phases of support, providing perfect comfort for the foot while running.

A3 = Maximum cushioning

Adequacy for use

The maximum cushioning models are suitable for everyone and represent one of the most worn category of shoes in everyday life for young people (even if they are not always properly fastened!). Choosing an A3 does not cause difficulties due to the lack of products on the market, on the contrary! In order to choose correctly it is necessary to “reason objectively” about one’s own performance and characteristics, both in terms of competition and training.

Morphological adaptation

Even from this point of view, the variety of the market should not make the choice too difficult. The important thing is to remember that you ultimately prefer foot comfort. Stringing, plant, neck and arch should be evaluated more carefully than design and colour.

Biomechanical Adequacy

The A3 are not useful for solving support problems and are intended for people with a regular stroke who need a great shock-absorbing power.

Buying tips

Designed and built to perfectly adapt to the style of each runner, whether a beginner or an experienced runner, this shoe offers even softer cushioning, the result of a new technology called DNA LOFT: this new material adapts to the stride of the wearer and offers extreme softness, without compromising reactivity and strength.

The new mesh upper and 3D Fit Print technology then gently wrap around the foot, moving and expanding at every step and guaranteeing maximum fluidity. The new Double Jacquard Mesh, finally, is designed to improve the breathability and flexibility of the upper.

A4 = Stable

Adequacy for use

a normalized ankle.

Morphological adaptation

The same considerations apply as for the A3 category, with which they share the same qualities of cushioning, comfort and overall weight.

Biomechanical Adequacy

It is the characteristic that makes them special. The A4 models should be chosen on the basis of specific needs and not of “simple sensations”; this is the case of particular forms of plantar support that have nothing to do with the simple wear of the tread.

Tips for buying

Suitable for both those looking for protection in long training sessions and those looking for more performance in shorter tests, this shoe has no shank (a rigid insert located in the medial part of the midsole) and equipped with new bending channels that promote greater responsiveness and fluidity in the thrust phase.

The sole is produced with XT-600 technology, a carbon rubber that guarantees durability and traction over time.

The upper, light and breathable, is more reinforced and restraining. The support arch on the medial is activated only when a light control is needed.

Table with general parameters (indicative) for the choice of running shoe in the race

Men Less than 60 kg Between 60 and 80 kg Above 80 kg
Women Less than 50 kg Between 50 and 60 kg Above 60 kg
Below 4’30 ” per kilometer Minimalist and super light Superlight and intermediate intermediate
Between 4’30 ” and 5’30 ” per kilometer intermediate intermediate Maximum amortization
Above 5’30 per kilometer intermediate Maximum amortization Maximum amortization

Regardless of the pace, in cross-country training, an athlete weighing between 50 kg and 75 kg with neutral support will have to choose a maximum A3 cushion, while in the race (if necessary) you can move towards the intermediate or super-light. Over 75 kg, especially if the race speed is rather mild, it is assumed that the weight on the foot (which multiplies x3 when running) determines an almost total support of the plant on the supporting surface; in this case, it would be desirable to use a stable A4 shoe.

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